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- July 21, 2016
A defendant who is convicted for committing federal sexual exploitation and child pornography crimes and who pays criminal restitution to the victim can be sued in a civil action by the victim for damages for the same offense (under 18 U.S.C. Sec. 2225)
- June 14, 2016
Arizona’s Highest Court Resolves Questions regarding DUI Convictions of Medical Marijuana Users (Dobson v. McClennen, 238 Ariz. 389 (2015))
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Pennsylvania Courts Uphold Institutional Sexual Assault Statute as Applied to Teachers’ Aide and 18 Year Old Student
- November 4, 2015
Philadelphia DUI Arrests & Challenges to the Case. By a criminal attorney in Philadelphia
- September 23, 2015
Sentences for Possession of a Controlled Substance with Intent to Deliver (PWID) in Philadelphia
Maximum Term on Revocation of Supervised Release Is Based on Class of Underlying Felony at the Time of the Offense
In United States v. Turlington, 2012 WL 4237611 (3d Cir. Sept. 21, 2012), defendant’s conviction for conspiring to distribute more than 50 grams of cocaine base was a class A felony, permitting up to five years of imprisonment on revocation of supervised release pursuant to 18 U.S.C.A. § 3583(e)(3). In 2004, he was sentenced by the District Court of the Third Circuit to eighty-four months’ imprisonment and sixty months’ supervised release. His sentence was less than one-third of that recommended by the Sentencing Guidelines.
On October 29, 2008, Turlington began his term of supervised release. On September 6, 2009, Turlington was charged with driving under the influence in New Jersey. Then, on December 7, 2009, New Jersey state police observed Turlington engaging in three hand-to-hand drug transactions. When the police approached Turlington and announced themselves, he attempted to flee. During flight, Turlington threw a loaded handgun to the ground. The state police eventually arrested him, and found $245 in cash and a plastic bag of cocaine. Turlington pleaded guilty to a state charge of possessing a weapon while committing a controlled dangerous substance crime. However, by this time, the Fair Sentencing Act of 2010 amendments had reduced the maximum term of imprisonment for Turlington’s original offense, such that it became a class B felony, which would permit only three years of imprisonment upon revocation of supervised release.
The Third Circuit held that where an underlying offense was a class A felony at the time of conviction, but had since been reduced to a class B felony, the maximum term of imprisonment upon violation of supervised release, pursuant to 18 U.S.C.A. § 3583(e)(3), was still determined based on the classification of the offense at the time of conviction. The Court cited Johnson v. United States, 529 U.S. 694 (2000), in which the Supreme Court found that new revocation terms were a part of the first offense of conviction, and McNeil v. United States, 131 S.Ct 2218 (2011), holding that in determining whether a prior conviction qualified as a predicate under the ACCA, a court must look at the prior offense as it was at the time of conviction. Thus the District Court did not plainly err in sentencing Turlington to five years’ imprisonment, a term which was clearly authorized by § 3583(e)(3).
All persons charged with crimes are entitled to the protections afforded by the United States Constitution. An experienced criminal defense attorney helps to ensure that a defendant’s rights are protected before, during and after a trial. If you have been charged with or convicted of a criminal offense, you should consult with a criminal defense attorney immediately. For a confidential consultation, contact the Law Offices of Marc Neff at (215) 563-9800 or via email at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Posted in: Misdemeanor / Felony Crimes